Wordprocessing Sections


The header for a section is specified with the <w:headerReference> element. The header is referenced via the id attribute. Below is a sample reference to a header for a section.

. . .
<w:headerReference r:id="rId3" w:type="first"/>
<w:headerReference r:id="rId5" w:type="default"/>
<w:headerReference r:id="rId2" w:type="even"/>
. . .

These references point to relationships in the document.xml.rels, which in turn point to the headers:

<Relationships xmlns="">
<Relationship Id="rId2" type="" target="header1.xml"/>
<Relationship Id="rId3" type="" target="header2.xml"/>
<Relationship Id="rId5" type="" target="header3.xml"/>

For each section there can be up to three types of headers: first page header, odd page header, and even page header. The type is specified via the type attribute.



Specifies the relationship ID to the appropriate header part.


Specifies the type of header. Possible values are:

  • default - the header should be applied to every page of the section that is not overridden by a first or even type.
  • even - the header should be applied to every even page of the section (counting from the first page, not the section numbering). The actual appearance is dependent upon the setting of the evenAndOddHeaders element in settings.
  • first - the header should be applied to the first page of the section. The actual appearance is dependent upon the setting of the titlePg element in sectPr.

If any of the above three types of headers is omitted, then the following rules apply.

Reference: ECMA-376, 3rd Edition (June, 2011), Fundamentals and Markup Language Reference § 17.10.5.

Related HTML/CSS property:

HTML has no notion of pages, and so no page headers.